Settlement Pattern

The city of Troy is well know for the impenetrable walls that surrounded the city. While great for protection against foreign threats, these walls also limited the area for the Trojan citizens to inhabit, and affected the quality of life of those that lived there.


Two images of the layout of the city of Troy, exemplifying the raised land of the citadel, the city’s walls, and the tightly packed buildings of the lower city.

The city of Troy was partially a citadel, a fortified area situated on land that is raised higher than the surrounding area, allowing it to dominate over the rest of the city. Within this citadel, a grand palace and great, wide administrative buildings were built and even more defensive walls were erected for enhanced protection. The city’s ruler and his family would live here, within the palace. Priests, advisers, and other state dignitaries would take residence in the surrounding buildings.

In the lower level of the city is where the rest of the citizens lived. Much smaller buildings and numerous farmlands occupied the majority of this area. These buildings were set close together, allowing little, to no, free land. Families would have to live clustered together in these tightly packed houses, to allow as much room for more buildings as possible. This settlement typically represents a nucleated pattern, in which those in the lower level of the city live closely together, all centralized around the citadel. This level of the city was also less protected and less fortified than the citadel, so in times of danger the citizens would have to retreat into the citadel for safety.