As the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete, Knossos dominates an area of 10 km2. The palace itself commands an impressive 14,000 m2.
The central feature of the palace is the throne room (indicated in the image above). It is entered through an anteroom, and the doorway is flanked by two imposing griffin statues. While the exact purpose of the room remains unknown, there are two prevalent theories about its use Arthur Evans theorized that the room acted as the seat of either the king or his consort, as is supported by the two griffins heralding the presence of a ruler in the room beyond their position; the second theory states that the room was more symbolic in its usage, and was reserved for a goddess, depicted either in a statue upon the throne or in a human vessel as a priestess, or was not present at all and the room merely served as an honorary place for her — if this second theory is the case, the griffins flanking the entrance are a symbol of the deity rather than heralds.
The other important room in the palace is the Hall of Double Axes, so named because of the Labyris, or two-headed axe, featured above the doorway. This hall is believed to be the residence chambers of the king, or whoever was serving as monarch at a given time.
It is also interesting to note the presence of an entrance on each side of the palace.