Lilo and Nani are two sisters living without parents. This is a situation that many siblings find themselves in. There is a constant struggle with how to deal with this situation. Though there have been many studies that prove it has a negative impact on the siblings.There are many child welfare guidelines in place that calls for siblings to be placed in the same foster home but in actual practice, many siblings are still separated. The percentage of children placed in a foster home without any siblings is 23 to 75%(Leathers, 2005) This means the siblings who have been together their whole lives, and are the only family they have left, are separated and forced to grow up in separate homes. No one who they are with completely understands what they have gone through in their life like their sibling understands. There is a deep connection that siblings form when they grow up together and a support that they can’t get from anywhere else.
There can be many reasons as to why siblings are separated into different foster homes. Some reasons in certain situations are protecting one child from the other. Others may be if there is a large age gap or if one child has a specific disability. Though these may be good reasons to separate siblings, many times there is no specific reason to separate siblings. Many times case worker reports will not say a clear reason or will just say “behavioral problems” as the reason behind separating siblings. A study done with 150 sibling groups showed that behavioral problems were not related to separating any of the siblings.(Leathers, 2005)
Many studies have been done on the impact of behavior in siblings who are separated in foster care. All studies have found that this impact is negative. It is found that siblings who are placed into separate foster homes are more likely to have increased behavior problems than siblings who are placed together. (Leathers, 2005)
The form of adoption displayed in this movie is when Lilo adopts stitch. Lilo takes him in thinking he was a dog and seeing they he does not behave very well, she decides to try and teach him to be a “model citizen”. This adoption could be translated to what it is like to adopt a child from a different culture, also known as transracial adoption.
Transracial adoption is something that has become very common in today’s society. Though there can be times when a child with a different race feels different when they are with their parents, studies have shown that there are not many negative impacts on a child’s life who was adopted into a family of a different race. One study showed that the child who was raised in a family of a different race was well prepared to participate in a multicultural, multiracial society. (Bagley, 1993)