All of the aforementioned changes within the Botwin family contributed to the different issues and strange behaviors found within both boys. The Journal of Youth & Adolescence states that “children raised by single mothers are more likely… to experience a range of adjustment difficulties, including academic problems, substance abuse, social deficits, and psychopathology,” (Daryanani et al. 213) all of which Silas and Shane display. Everything that happened after Judah’s death, including Andy and Doug’s involvement, the financial issues, and Nancy being a single mother and a drug dealer, all took a toll on their well-being.
See how each of Judah and Nancy’s kids were affected by the circumstances.