Resources

Physiological Effects on the Brain

Heroin:

Ecstasy: 

Alcohol:

Cocaine:

  • Excretion of Cocaine From the Body. (n.d.). Retrieved March 20, 2016, from http://buddymd.com/excrete-cocaine-quicklyDrugFacts: Cocaine. (2013, April). Retrieved March 20, 2016, from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/cocaineGregoire, C. (2016, January 21). Cocaine Causes Your Brain To Literally Eat Itself, Study Finds. Retrieved March 20, 2016, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/cocaine-brain-cells-eat-themselves_us_569f9194e4b0a7026bf9a4e7Short- & Long-Term Side Effects of Cocaine – Brain Damage – Drug-Free World. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2016, from http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/cocaine/effects-of-cocaine.htmlHeller, J. L. (2015, April 13). Cocaine withdrawal: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved April 12, 2016, from https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000947.htm

 

Rehabilitation Information

Our Mission. (n.d.). Retrieved April 10, 2016, from
http://www.gaudenzia.org/
Providing life-changing residential and outpatient addiction treatment services for adult men and women for over 30 years. (n.d.). Retrieved April 10, 2016, from http://www.whitedeerrun.com/
 “Types of Treatment Programs.” Drugabuse.gov. N.p., Dec. 2012. Web. 20 Apr. 2016.
Brande, Lauren. “How Much Does Rehab Cost?” Recovery.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2016.

 Welcome – Firetree, Ltd. (n.d.). Retrieved April 10, 2016, from http://www.firetree.com/

DrugRehab.com

Historical Perspectives

Opium:

Opium Throughout History | The Opium Kings | FRONTLINE | PBS

Weed:

Marijuana timeline info

http://www.livescience.com/48337-marijuana-history-how-cannabis-travelled-world.html

Biological and Psychological Effects

 

Interviews

Anonymous User #1: Cocaine
Anonymous User #2: Heroin
Anonymous User #3: Marijuana
Anonymous User #4: MDMA

Journal Source: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/isrn/2013/450348/

 

Behavioral Effects 

Marijuana:

  • Bolla, K., Brown, K., Eldreth, D., Tate, K., & Cadet, J. (2002). Dose-related neurocognitive effects of marijuana use. Neurology, 59(9), 1337-1343.
  • Hart, C. L., & Ksir, C. (2013). Drugs, Society & Human Behavior (16th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Kelly, T. H., Foltin, R. W., Emurian, C. S., & Fischman, M. W. (1990). Multidimensional behavioral effects of marijuana. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 14(6), 885-902.
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse. Marijuana Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/marijuana on April 5, 2016.
  • Pope, H. G., Gruber, A. J., & Yurgelun-Todd, D. (2001). Residual neuropsychologic effects of cannabis. Current Psychiatry Reports, 3(6), 507-512.
  • Pope, H. G., & Yurgelun-Todd, D. (1996). The Residual Cognitive Effects of Heavy Marijuana Use in College Students. JAMA: The Journal of American Medical Association, 275(7), 521-527.

Tobacco:

  • Araki, H., Suemaru, K., & Gomita, Y. (2002). Neuronal Nicotinic Receptor and Psychiatric Disorders: Functional and Behavioral Effects of Nicotine. The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology Jpn.J.Pharmacol, 88(2), 133-138.
  • Behavioral Health. (n.d.). Retrieved April 4, 2016, from http://www.tobaccofreemaine.org/channels/special_populations/smoking_and_behavioral_health.php
  • Cherek, D. R. (1984). Effects of cigarette smoking human aggressive behavior. Prong Clin Biol Res., 333-344.
  • Hart, C. L., & Ksir, C. (2013). Drugs, Society & Human Behavior (16th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Heishman, S. (1999). Behavioral and cognitive effects of smoking: Relationship to nicotine addiction. Nicotine & Tob Res., 1(1), 143-147.
  • Krasnegor, N. A. (1979). The Behavioral Aspects of Smoking. Rockville, MD: Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Division of Research.

Stimulants:

  • Brown, N. (2013). Stimulants. Palo Alto Medical Foundation.
  • Hart, C. & Ksir, C. (2012). Drugs, Society, and Human Behavior. 15, 122-143.
  • National Institute of Drug Abuse. (2014). Prescription Drug Abuse. The Science of Drug Abuse and Addiction.
  • (2016). Stimulants. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration.

Opiods:

  • The Effects of Heroin Use. (2012). http://drugabuse.com/library/the-effects-of-heroin-use/The Effects of Heroin Use.
  • Hart, C. L., & Ksir, C. (2013). Drugs, Society & Human Behavior (16th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Addictions And Recovery Website: Opiates. Retrieved April 26, 2016, from http://www.addictionsandrecovery.org/opiates-narcotics-recovery.htm

Depressants:

  • “Depressants: Types, Examples & Facts – Video & Lesson Transcript |         Study.com.” Study.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2016.
  • “New Health Advisor.” Is Marijuana a Depressant? N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2016.
  • “The Three Main Categories of Drugs.” The Three Main Categories of Drugs. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2016.

 

Drugs in College Culture

Street names and weird facts

  • “Street Drug Names.” Street Drugs Names. Narconon, 2016. Web. 22 Apr. 2016. <http://www.drugrehab.co.uk/street-drug-names.htm>.

PSU vs SU drug use

  • Allen, Rosemarie. “Reducing Gaps in Student Performance by Addressing Student Behavior, Spring 2013.” PsycEXTRA Dataset (n.d.): n. pag. Student Drinking Spring 2013. Penn State PULSE Student Affairs, 2013. Web.

Nation vs Susquehanna Drug Use

  • Hedden, S. L., Kennet, J., Lipari, R., Medley, G., & Tice, P. (2015 September) “Behavioral Health Trends in the United States: Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.” retrieved from <http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUH-FRR1-2014/NSDUH-FRR1-2014.pdf>.

I’m Shmacked & Lyric Analysis

  • Primack, B. A., Dr, Dalton, M. A., Dr. Carroll, M. V., Ms, Argawal, A. A., Mr, & Fine, M. J., Dr. (n.d.). Content Analysis of Tobacco, Alcohol,  and Other Drugs in Popular Music. Retrieved April 25, 2016, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3004676/
  • Bellum, S. (2013, April 9). Rap Music and Molly. Retrieved April 25, 2016, from  https://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/post/rap-music-and-molly