Globalization, Colonialism, and Haiti

Emonie Black

Haiti has suffered a long standing condition of poverty. Over the years scholars have analyzed the ways in which poverty has become so ingrained in Haiti’s economic structure through the lasting influence of colonialism, foreign intervention, and globalization. These three distinct factors have played lucrative positions in beginning the process of structural policies that have led to the decline in the country’s economy. The French colonization of Haiti began this process by implementing a plantation economy in Haiti and complicating its relationships with foreign powers after the Haitian revolution. Scholars have even argued that globalization and its push for economic development, are simply a modern extension of colonialism in the sense that its demand for development only serve to benefit the major world powers. Ultimately, the emergence of globalization and the pressure to implement neoliberal policies as a way to spark economic development, has only intensified the conditions of suffrage in Haiti.

Protesters gathered in the capital city of Port-au-Prince to demand the resignation of President Michel Martelly.
Protesters gathered in the capital city of Port-au-Prince to demand the resignation of President Michel Martelly.